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There are certain conditions Shart that have to be fulfilled before one performs mamhaj Salah The Ritual Prayer. One of those conditions is Tahara Purification.
So, whoever did not purify himself after a major or minor Hadath  or from Najasah  there is no valid Salah for him. This way, to purify by water, is the basis for all purification sa . All the water that descends from the sky or emerged from the earth is Tahur Pure and Purifying  salikren.
It purifies a person from the two types of Hadath and all Khabath dirt and filth. This water is Tahur even if one of its three characteristics — taste, colour or scent changes due to a clean Taahir item, as the Prophet s. But if one of these three characteristics changes by a Amnhaj item, the water becomes Najis and it becomes wajib to avoid it.
The basis default in all things is Tahara purity and cleanliness and permissibility mubah. So, if a Muslim is in doubt about the purity or Najis state of water, clothing worn during prayer etc or the place such as where one prays — it would be regarded as Tahir pure and clean.
Likewise, if he is certain about the purity tahara — from earlier on — but is unsure whether later on Hadath occurred or not, then he regards it as Tahir pure and clean. This is learnt from the saying of the Prophet s. All the vessels are permissible mubah — i. An exception from the prohibition of the gold and silver vessels is ones that contain a little silver due to a need. This is based on the saying of the Prophet s. Praise is to Allah Who drove away from me the harm and kept me well.
He leans in his sitting posture on his left leg and puts his right leg upright. He conceals himself by a wall or something else. If this was in an open space, he distances himself from others.
Manhaj As-Salikeen: Introduction to Fiqh
This is because of the saying of the Messenger of Allah s. Then when he finishes, he does Istijmar i. Then he does Istinja i. But one of these two means is sufficient on its own.
Manhaj Salikeen: Code of the Righteous: Book of Purification |
Also, the istijmar cannot be done by Rauth dry stone-like animal excretion or by bones because the Prophet s. Likewise, anything else that is sacred cannot be used. When cleaning Najasah things regarded as ritually impure and filthy in Sharia — whether that is from the body, garments, ground or anything else — it is sufficient that its body i.
That is sallkeen   and the number szlikeen times to wash to achieve that is not a condition since the Shaari did not make a number amnhaj condition for cleaning Najasah — except for the cleaning of the Najasah of the saliva of a dog wherein a condition has been laid down that salijeen must be washed seven times with one of those washes being with sand.
Likewise, the flowing-blood ad-dam al-masfuh from an animal that is eaten is classified as najis   but the blood that remains in the flesh and veins of the sacrificial animal is Tahir clean.
And the Prophet s. As for the two ae animals they are whale and locust. As for the two bloods items they are liver and spleen. As for the urine and the dry rock-like excretions rauth of animals that are eaten they are Tahir pure.
The human semen is Tahir pure. If the urine of a small child — who has not yet started eating food desiring it — if his urine gets on something then it is sufficient to sprinkle and pour some water on it as the Prophet s. If the body i. Remnants of colour or smell that are difficult to completely remove from the area do not matter as the Prophet s. Wudu Ablution is performed by first having intention to remove the Hadath or to intend to do wudu for the Salah ritual prayer or something else like it.
The intention niyyah is a condition salokeen for all the actions including Tahara purification. This is learnt from the saying of maanhaj Messenger of Allah s. Then he does Madmadaa rinse the mouth with water and Istinshaaq to take in or let in water into the nose saliieen times with three scoops of water.
After that, he washes his face three times. There after, he washes his hands with and up to and including the elbow three times.
Then he wipes does Mnhaj over his head beginning from its foremost part till the nape with both of his hands and then returns them to the spot that he started from. He does this once. He follows that by inserting his two forefingers index fingers in his two ears and wiping over the back of the ears with the two thumbs. This is called Muwaalaat  . The same has to be done for every other act of worship for which muwaalaat has been made a condition.
While doing the Wudu, if a person was wearing Khuff leather socks on his feet mamhaj or other things similar to them — he can wipe over them instead of having to remove them ae he wishes so. A resident in a town, city, etc — called Muqeem can do this for a day and a night whereas a traveler can do it for three days and their nights.
The condition shart to be able to do this is that he should wear them while he has tahara purity, i. Wiping over them can only be salileen while renewing from the Minor Hadath and as for the Major Hadath, the socks are to be removed and a complete Ghusl shower in a prescribed manner is to be performed.
He keeps on doing this until he recovers. The manner of wiping over the Khuff leather socks is to wipe with wet salikewn most of the top face of the khuff on each of he two legs. This prevents a person from performing daily prayers and some other acts of worship.
As for the description of the manner of Ghusl of the Messenger of Allah s. Then he would pour water on his head three times making it reach everywhere in the hair. Then he would pour the water making it flow over his entire saliken.
The purpose of this is to wash the entire body and beneath the light as well as dense hair. Tayammum   The Substitute for Purification with Water. It is the substitute for Taharah purification mwnhaj water when it is not possible to use water on the whole or a section of the body-areas that are normally washed for Taharah purification.
Tayammum is performed by intending to remove the condition of the various types of Hadath. Then he taps the palm of salikden hand on the sand once and wipes with it the whole of his face and the entire hands wrist outwards. Allah does not want to salileen you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour to you that you may be thankful. It is reported from Jabir that the Prophet s. Whoever is menstruating or in Post Child-birth bleeding has the previous limitations as well mabhaj the following:.
Walikeen matters related to this period are mentioned in the section below. The default of the blood that flows from a woman is that it is menstruation. Except if the blood gushed forth from her or simply continued to flow on and on with perhaps a short break only, then in this case she is regarded as and referred to as Mustahaada.
This requires a person to perform wudu ablution before he can pray. Major Hadath is due to sex etc.
Manhaj al-Salikeen-Essential Fiqh-Ustadh Abdul Wahid (3) by Masjid
A person needs to perform a Ghusl which is a shower or a bath with certain requirements the most important of which is the intention of doing a ghusl.
These must be washed off clothes, body etc before a person can perform the prayers salat. The Messenger of Allah s. Abu Hurairah said, A Bedouin stood up and urinated in the Masjid. People got to him but he Prophet s. If he finds filth therein let him wipe it on the ground and then pray in them.
Daraqutni said it was Hasan and Albani classed it as Sahih]. Albani and others classed it as Sahih]. I heard the Messenger of Allah s. This means that if the hide is not pure then the rest of what lays beneath it is also not pure. I found two and searched for the third but did not find it. So I found a Rauth and brought it to him. In a long hadith, there is a mention that the Prophet s.
A Hasan narration of Aisha r. A Sahih hadith from Aisha also shows this. He poured thrice on his hands up to the wrists and washed both of them. Then he entered his right hand in the vessel, scooped some water and did Madmada rinse mouth and Istinsaar blow out water from the nostrils after taking some into themthen washed his face, thrice, and his hands to the elbow three times.
Them he wiped Masah his head. Then he washed his two feed three times to the ankles. He answered that for a traveler three and for a resident one day. Then he came and I poured for him water from the vessel as he performed Wudu. He washed his face. He was wearing a woolen cloak and tried to but could not remove his forearms from the sleeves to wash them; so he removed them from the lower end of the Cloak and washed his forearms.
He wiped over his head. Wiping over a turban. About this Mughira ibn Shuba r. Mughira ibn Shuba also related that the Prophet s. However, there is a saying of Ibn Umar r. This was related by Athram and Baihaqi and Baihaqi said its chain is authentic as an action of Ibn Umar.