Scientific name. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. Subordinate taxa: Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. var. benadirianum (Chiov.) Verdc. Macrotyloma. Horse gram seeds (Indian name: Kulthi) Macrotyloma uniflorum, Organic Heirloom Untreated Seeds. For Growing Or Sprouting Horse Gram (Macrotyloma . Biflorus, horse gram, horse grain, kulthi bean, madras bean, madras gram, poor man’s pulse, dolic biflore, grain de cheval, kerdekorn, pferdebohne, pferdekorn.
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India Biodiversity Portal
Leaflet blades about 2. Upper and lower surfaces of the leaflet blades clothed in prostrate hairs.
Lateral leaflet blades asymmetrical at the base. Stipules hairy, triangular, about x 2 mm. Stipels about mm long. Lateral veins about on each side of the midrib. Stems clothed in white or pale backward-pointing hairs. Inflorescence a short raceme of two or three flowers, sometimes reduced to a single flower. Flowers about 6 mm diam. Calyx tube about mm long, the lobes about mm long, with two of the lobes almost completely fused.
Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.)Verdc. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal
Stamens 10, the filaments of nine stamens fused to form a tube uniflourm on one side, the filament of one stamen free. Ovary clothed in hairs. Stigma dish-like, margin hairy.
Fruits banana-shaped, about x 5 mm, style persistent at the apexouter surface clothed in long soft, translucent hairs. Seeds per fruiteach seed about 3. Radicle about 3 mm long, curved around the outside uniflodum the cotyledons.
Cotyledons without venationabout x mm, obovateheld erect and parallel to the stem. First macrotylomx orbicular to cordatepulvinus present.
At the tenth leaf stage: Lateral veins about 3 or 4 on each side of the midrib. All plant parts clothed in short translucent hairs. Occurs in NEQ and southwards as far as south-eastern Queensland. Altitudinal range in NEQ from m.
Horse gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) | Feedipedia
Usually grows in open forestsometimes in monsoon forest. Grown as a grain crop in India; one of the few native Australian species used as a crop. A species of possible significance as a grazing crop but regeneration of soft-seeded annual varieties is poor.
Click on images to enlarge Scale bar 10mm.