International Union for Conservation of Nature. Lutjanus synagris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN Geographic range in detail. Threats. Lutjanus synagris. These almond-shaped reef fish usually find a favorite location and don’t stray far from it their entire lives. They’re pink-red on. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (). FishBase. Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus, ). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species.
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English language common names include lane snappercandy striper, rainbow snapper, bream, godbless, mexican snapper, moonlight grunt, pot snapper, redfish, redtailed snapper, snapper, spot snapper, and williacke. Other common names include areoco Portugueseargente Frenchlutjanuz Spanishbiajaiba Spanishchino Spanishcoral largu Papiamentokisenfuedai Japaneseluciano-riscado Portugueselucjan smugowy Polishmanchego Spanishmancheva Spanishpaguette Frenchpargo Spanishpargo biajaiba Spanishpargo guanapo Spanishpargo viajaiba Spanishrayado Spanishrouge Frenchroyac Frenchsarde Frenchvermelho-arioco Portuguesevillajaiba Spanishvivaneau gazon Frenchvivaneau raye Frenchand yeux de boeuf French.
This fish is a popular sport and a high quality food fish. Lane snappers compose a large portion of the sport and commercial snapper fishery. They are caught with beach seines, boat seines, traps, handlines, and bottom trawls. Shrimp trawlers account for a large portion of the total fishing mortality on this snapper, as juveniles occur over soft bottom areas with high shrimp populations. Lane snapper also provide an important fishery off the coast of southern Cuba during the late spring and early summer months.
Ciguatera poisoning has been reported from eating luttjanus snapper.
Ciguatera poisoning is caused by dinoflagellates microalgae on dead corals or other algae. Fish eat these dinoflagellates, and the snapper then feeds on those fish.
Poisoned people report having gastrointestinal problems for up to several days, and a general weakness in their arms and legs. It is very rare to be afflicted with ciguatera poisoning. The IUCN is a global union of states, governmental agencies, and non-governmental organizations in a partnership that assesses the conservation status of species. It is most abundant in the Antilles, off Panama, and the northern coast of South America.
It also occurs in Bermuda and the Gulf of Mexico. Adult lane snappers live in a variety of habitats, but are most commonly observed over reefs and vegetated sandy bottoms in shallow inshore waters. This species has also been reported in offshore waters to depths of feet meters.
Lutjanus synagris |
Once established, adult snappers remain in the same area for their entire lives. Lane snappers also occur in seagrass beds associated with shrimping areas.
Juveniles live in protected inshore areas. Distinctive Features The lane snapper has a fairly deep body with a pointed snout. It has a double dorsal fin, with a rounded anal fin and relatively short pectoral fins. The caudal fin is emarginate to slightly forked. Similar species occurring in the same areas as the lane snapper include the mahogany snapper L. syngaris
The mahogony snapper also has a much larger eye. The mutton snapper has 2 oblique blue stripes on the snout and cheek and the back, sides, and upper eynagris fin lobe is olive green in color.
Coloration Lane snapper have two color phases. The deep-water phase coloration is darker and more pronounced than those with the shallow-water resting phase coloration. Both color phases have pink to red upper sides and backs with a green tinge. The lower sides and belly are silver with a yellow tinge. The head has 3 or 4 yellow stripes running from the snout to the eye, the lower jaw projects slightly. There are eight to ten yellow to pink horizontal stripes on their sides, and three or four stripes below their anterior dorsal ray.
There is a diffuse black spot below the soft portion of lutjanys dorsal fin. All fins are yellow to red. Dentition There is a narrow band of villiform teeth in each jaw, the upper jaw also bearing four canine teeth, two of which are enlarged. The tooth patch is anchor-shaped on the roof of the mouth. Size, Age, and Growth Lane snappers have an average length of 14 inches 36 cmwith a maximum length of 20 inches 50 cm.
They usually weigh less than a pound. Sexual maturity is reached at lengths of inches cm. The estimated maximum age of the lane snapper is 10 years. Food Habits Because the lane snapper lives in a wide range of habitats, they are opportunistic predators, feeding on a variety of prey. Lane snappers feed nocturnally on smaller fishes, shrimp, cephalopods, gastropods, and crabs. Reproduction Spawning occurs throughout the spring and summer, dependent upon location.
The snappers aggregate offshore during these spawning events. The pelagic eggs are released into open waters and are transported by the ocean currents. After being released and fertilized, the eggs hatch within 23 hours. Although little is known about the larvae, they are planktonic at lengths less than 10 mm.
Smithsonian Marine Station
They eventually settle on suitable habitat that offers some protection from predators. Juveniles are pale upon settlement, with red-tinged dorsal fins and yellow-tinged pelvic fins and pale bands on the body. They also have a dorsolateral spot. Predators Predators of the lane snapper include sharks and other large predatory fishes, including other species of snappers.
Carl Linnaeus first described Lutjanus synagris in Discover Fishes Lutjanus synagris. Lane Snapper Lane snapper. Importance to Humans Shrimp trawlers are responsible for a large portion of the juvenile lane snapper mortality. Geographical Distribution World distribution map for the lane snapper The lane snapper is found in the western Atlantic Ocean, from North Carolina to southern Brazil. Habitat Adult lane snappers live in a variety of habitats, but are most commonly observed over reefs and vegetated sandy bottoms in shallow inshore waters.
Lane snappers during the night on a variety of prey including shrimp. Environmental Protection Agency Food Habits Because the lane snapper lives in a wide range of habitats, they are opportunistic predators, feeding on a variety of prey.
Taxonomy Carl Linnaeus first described Lutjanus synagris in Rebecca Murray and Cathleen Bester.