Harmonie Toros. Reader in Legitimacy and complexity in terrorist conflicts. H Toros. Security Dialogue 39 (4), , 97, H Toros, J Gunning. View Harmonie Toros’ full profile. It’s free! Your colleagues, classmates, and million other professionals are on LinkedIn. View Harmonie’s Full Profile. Harmonie Toros is Senior Lecturer in International Conflict Analysis at the University of Kent, UK. She has been researching the potential for negotiations and.
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She has published seminal work developing a critical theory-based approach to terrorism and examining the transformation of conflicts marked by terrorist violence her ThinkKent talk can be found here. She has carried out extensive field research in Europe, hadmonie Middle East, South East Asia, and Africa researching state and non-state armed groups as well as investigating the human experience of war from combatant and non-combatant perspectives.
Her current research focuses on incorporating war experience into the study of conflict, examining some of the key methodological and epistemological challenges involved harmpnie translating war experience into knowledge. She also publishes on pedagogical issues surrounding the teaching of human experience in war, torros on her third-year undergraduate Humans at War module. Europe Southeast Asia Middle East. Philippines Northern Ireland Turkey.
Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository. Abstract View in KAR. Her work involves investigating how to further ground the study of hxrmonie but also conflict analysis and transformative practices in social and political theory in particular the work of the Frankfurt School but also that of Pierre Bourdieu. Her research also focuses on developing a methodological framework through which to incorporate experiential knowledge of conflict harmonei political violence into its study, as well as examining potential synergies with other disciplines including literary studies, psychoanalysis, and biosciences.
Harmonie is interested in supervising projects in terrorism studies and critical terrorism studies, conflict resolution and conflict transformation, critical security studies and ethnography of violence. Postgraduate Search courses How to apply Research degrees Taught courses Fees and funding Part-time and short courses Online prospectus Torox schools.
International students Parents and family Applicants New students. European centres Brussels Paris Rome Athens. Other locations Exchanges with over overseas universities. Courses Study and work abroad Double-degrees Short-term study options ‘International’ courses Erasmus exchanges International students Study at Kent Application process When you arrive.
International expertise Business services Collaborative projects Consultancy Facilities Employability points. Courses Undergraduate Postgraduate Part-time undergraduate Executive education.
Terrorism, Talking and Transformation : A Critical Approach
Politics and International Relations. Politics and International Relations Home. University of Kent Politics and International Relations. Contact Information Address Rutherford W4. Publications Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository. International Studies Perspectives [Online] How far removed is this experience from a classroom?
It draws on the experience of an undergraduate module at the University of Kent that investigates the human experience of war in which students were asked to reflect on the question of distance between those living “war experiences” and their lives in a small British city.
Unexpectedly inseveral students argued that this distance was the lecturer’s construction. By making war personal — without any of them having experienced a “warzone” — the students chose to argue that war was also their experience.
This response directly challenges an established narrative in International Relations that the West has been essentially at peace since World War II, a narrative that obscures the fundamental role of war experience in the lives of ordinary citizens. It leads to a broadened understanding of war experience that has important conceptual, political, and normative implications in the study of war and on our political responsibility in the everyday.
Harmonie Toros | University of Kent –
Critical Studies on Terrorism [Online] After examining how CTS has reproduced but also renegotiated this narrative, the paper concludes with what Michel Foucault would describe as an “effective history” of the attacks — in this case a personal narrative of how the attacks did not constitute a moment of personal rupture but nonetheless later became a backdrop to justify my scholarship and career.
Dialogue, Praxis and the State: A Response to Richard Jackson. Critical Studies on Terrorism [Online] 9: Abstract View in KAR View Full Text The article argues in favour of an engagement with state actors for critical terrorism scholars, challenging Richard Jackson’s assertion that such engagement necessarily involves co-optation.
Collective evil and individual pathology: The depoliticization of violence against Afghan civilians. International Politics [Online] Abstract View in KAR This article explores how the violence against Afghan civilians carried out by the Taliban and US ‘rogue’ soldiers has been accounted for as the product of, respectively, collective evil and individual pathology. These two seemingly contending explanations, it is argued, are part of the same strategy of depoliticization, which aims to provide support and legitimacy for the US-led war in Afghanistan.
The article discusses how the genealogy of the discourse of collective evil surrounding the Taliban can be traced to an Orientalist political theodicy, which frames the Taliban as ‘children of a lesser God’ — that is, as fanatical puppets at the mercy of a violent God — and how the discourse of individual pathology surrounding the unsanctioned violence of US soldiers is instrumental to exempt military and civilian leadership from collusion and responsibility.
The article challenges this latter narrative of individual blame by discussing how killing, torture and desecration of bodies are at the heart of warfare. Hence, it is concluded, the language of collective evil and individual pathology are part of the same strategy of depoliticization, which aims to silence political contestation and conceal the dehumanizing aspect of war, its structural production of violence, and the complex and dispersed nature of responsibility. Terrorism, Organised Crime and the Biopolitics of Violence.
Critical Studies on Terrorism [Online] 6: Abstract View in KAR Despite the lack of consensus on a broadly accepted definition of terrorism, a vast majority of scholars agree that terrorist violence is intrinsically political in contrast to organised crime, harmone is viewed as mainly profit-driven. This article critically examines this hqrmonie accepted distinction and contends that it rests on a narrow harmonif of the “political”, which circumscribes political violence to organisations seeking to overthrow the government, change the political system or alter the boundaries of a state.
Drawing on a Foucauldian biopolitical understanding of the political, we argue that the pursuit of economic goals for criminal organisations cannot be disentangled from practices of governmentality which, through the production of disciplinary and regulatory norms, contribute to the construction of distinctive subjectivities and political orders.
In order to advance this argument, we focus on the case of the Neapolitan Camorra as a biopolitical actor and contend that its use of violence aimed at the creation of “docile bodies” able and willing to sustain its system and reproduce its order not only challenges the distinction between “political” terrorism and “profit-driven” organised crime, but also has implications for the study of terrorism. In particular, the analysis carried out in this article suggests the need to investigate biopolitical practices beyond a narrow focus on the state by exploring harmoni largely neglected biopolitics of violence of non-state armed groups and examining whether this focus todos open new paths for the transformation of conflicts marked by terrorist violence.
From paramilitarism to peacebuilding in Northern Ireland: The conference aimed to highlight and explore the empirical, methodological, ontological and epistemological points of interjection of the two fields through the engagement of scholars, postgraduate students, national and international policy and civil society actors. The articles in this issue reflect those aims.
Terrorism and peace and conflict studies: Critical Studies on Terrorism 6: Legitimacy and complexity in terrorist conflicts. Security Dialogue [Online] Abstract View in KAR A key objection raised by terrorism scholars and policymakers against engaging in negotiations with terrorists is that it legitimizes terrorist groups, their goals and their means.
Talking to them would serve harmoie to incite more violence and weaken the fabric of democratic states, they argue. With the emergence of Al-Qaeda and its complex transnational structure, many have added another objection: Who does one talk to? Faced with such a multifaceted, horizontal organization, how does one engage? This article offers an alternative approach to the question of legitimacy and complexity in engaging with terrorism. Drawing from research in peace and conflict studies, it analyses how these two factors may in fact be conducive to a nonviolent resolution of conflicts involving terrorist violence.
Terrorists, scholars and ordinary people: Critical Studies on Terrorism [Online] 1: Abstract View in KAR Fieldwork in the study of terrorism remains the exception, allowing for scores of publications to be produced each year with little or no contact with the perpetrators of terrorist violence and scarce direct observation of the social realities in which it occurs.
While examining some of the serious drawbacks tooros pitfalls such research can entail, this article makes a case for more fieldwork in terrorism studies, arguing that it can bring greater depth to our understanding of terrorist violence. The discussion focuses on a common assumption — the existence of the yarmonie as subject — and a common practice of terrorism studies — the concentration on extraordinary events at the expense of ‘ordinary life’ and ‘ordinary people’ — and how they are called into question by the material gathered during field research conducted in the Southern Philippine region of Mindanao.
The article concludes with a reflection on some of the challenges facing researchers in danger zones, from their dependence on local knowledge for security to the need for methodological flexibility when faced with the complexity of research in conflict areas. The Case of the Islamic State Organization.
The Anarchical Society at Contemporary Challenges and Prospects. Oxford University Presspp. Critical Theory and Terrorism Studies: Routledge Handbook of Critical Toeos Stuides.
Outline of a Research Model. Critical Methods in Terrorism Studies.
From dissent to revolution: A potential path to reconciliation in Mindanao. Strategy, possibility or absurdity? Exploring a critical theory approach to terrorism studies. A new research agenda. Terrorism, Talking and Transformation: Abstract View in KAR Using rare field research, this book investigates whether and how talking may transform terrorist violence.
Given the failings of today’s dominant counterterrorism strategy, is talking a viable policy option to transform conflicts marked by terrorist violence? This book examines the reasons why “negotiating with terrorists” is so often shunned by decision-makers and scholars as a policy response, concluding that such objections are primarily based on a realist and statist understanding of terrorism that has dominated the field so far.
Based on interviews with top rebel and military commanders in the southern Philippine region of Mindanao and interviewing key actors in Northern Ireland, Terrorism, Talking and Transformation investigates how talking may contribute to the transformation of conflicts marked by terrorist violence. The result of this analysis is a theoretically grounded, empirically recognizable and emancipation oriented framework that can be used to investigate the potential of talking in transforming not only terrorist and counterterrorist violence, but also the underlying structural violence that often surrounds it.
Researching Terrorism, Peace and Conflict Studies: Interaction, Synthesis and Opposition. The volume presents theoretically- and empirically-informed contributions, which shed light on whether the two fields can inform each other on issues of mutual interest and importance. The book examines key themes including the conceptualisation s of peace and violence; the exceptionalisation of terrorist violence; the relationship between scholarship and political power; the dysfunctionality of the liberal peace and the opportunities offered by post-liberal peacebuilding frameworks; and the implications and challenges of cyber-terrorism and cyber-conflict.
Furthermore, the book intends to be a launching pad for future debate on whether the recent ‘critical’ turn in terrorism studies can offer a pathway for peace studies to engage with the so far largely ignored question of power. Consisting of not only key scholars but also practitioners and policy makers, the contributors present a number of case studies, including Colombia, Northern Ireland, the Basque Country, and Iraq, where they explore the relationships between terrorism and peace and conflict approaches.
They critically analyse the statist approach inherent in both terrorism approaches and liberal peacebuilding frameworks; the role of the grassroots levels of society; the inefficiency of simplistic frameworks of understanding and implementation; and the chains of governance from international and transnational actors to national actors and finally from national to local actors. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism studies, peace and conflict studies, IR and security studies.
Terrorism, Peace and Conflict Studies: