The Gurage; A People ojthe Ensete Cultwe. WILLIAM. A. SHACK. London, New York, Nairobi: Oxford. University Press (published for the International. One of the most ubiquitous and traditional crops of the Gurage people is Ensete, The Gurage people still retain many of their unique cultural practices and. Gurage: A People of the Ensete Culture. (New York: Oxford University Press); Gebreyesus. Hailemariam (). The Guragué and Their Culture. (New York.
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Gurageethnolinguistic group of the fertile and semi-mountainous region some miles kilometres south and west of Addis AbabaEthiopiabounded by the Awash River on the north, the Gilgel Gibe River a tributary of the Omo River on the southwest, and Lake Ziway on the east.
The groups that are subsumed under the term Gurage originated in the Tigray region of Ethiopia as the descendants of military conquerors during the Aksumite empire. The Gurage languages, which are not always mutually intelligible, belong to the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Some of these have been influenced by neighbouring Cushitic languages.
The Gurage have no centralized institutional political power or leadership.
Local power is vested in lineages; these descent groups display corporate rights, obligations, and influence. In contrast, the religious or ritual system is highly centralized; ritual officials sanction the authority of the political elders. One of the more interesting aspects of this religious-political asymmetry is the integral place in the system assigned to the Fuga, the local representatives of what are believed to be remnants of earlier inhabitants of the Horn of Africa. This lower-caste group of artisans and hunters are also ritual specialists whose powers are both feared and deemed essential in all major Gurage religious functions.
The Fuga share a ritual language with Gurage women, which Gurage men may not learn lest they discern the mysteries of the female initiation ceremonies.
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It is located on a well-watered plateau surrounded by hills and mountains, in the geographic centre of the country. Only since the late 19th century has Addis Ababa been the capital of the Ethiopian state.
Awash Riverriver in eastern Ethiopia. Cotton is grown in the fertile Awash River valley, and dams notably the Koka Dam, supply hydroelectric….
Omo Riverriver in southwestern Ethiopia, eastern Africa. Tigrayhistorical region, northern Ethiopia. Its western part rises in high-plateau country where elevations generally range between 5, and 11, feet 1, and 3, metres.
The region is drained by the Tekeze and Gash Mareb rivers. To the east lies the Denakil Plain, including…. Aksumpowerful kingdom in northern Ethiopia during the early Christian era.
Despite common belief to the contrary, Aksum did not originate from one of the Semitic Sabaean kingdoms of southern Arabia but instead developed as a local power. At its apogee 3rd—6th century ceAksum became the greatest….
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