Source for information on Widengren, Geo: Encyclopedia of Religion dictionary. twentieth century, Geo Widengren (–) was born on April 24, On the 24th of April, , the President of the IAHR, Prof. Geo. Widengren of Uppsala University, celebrates his 6oth birthday. Those of us who know him well, . of Professor Geo Widengren of Uppsala University, hosted by the Institute. Religious Studies of the University of California, Santa Barbara, April , and.
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Geo Widengren was born in Stockholm, Sweden, where he spent his childhood and youth. Geo Widengren studied at widengreen in Stockholm under the supervision of Tor Andraea well-known Swedish historian of religions and specialist in early Islamic studies, who was professor at the Stockholm University between and Inhe was appointed Lecturer at the University of Uppsala, where he worked until in the Chair of the History and Psychology of Religion in the Faculty of Theology.
Inhe was appointed professor of history of religions at the same faculty when he widwngren only 33 years old. He was Dean of the Faculty of Theology at the University of Uppsalaandand vice-president and then president of the International Association for the History of Religions IAHR between and respectively. He helped establish the international journal of the IAHR, Numen, first published in and still issued by the Association. Widengren served as the chairman of the Organizing Committee of the International Colloquium on Apocalypticism in which represented a milestone in the study of apocalypticism in the Mediterranean World and the Near East in Antiquity.
WIDENGREN, GEO – Encyclopaedia Iranica
He was awarded numerous degrees honoris causa from the universities of Amsterdam and Strasbourg ; Cardiff, Wales ; Rostock ; and Uppsala Widengren had a reputation for mastering most of the languages of the Near East as well as the ancient languages of Iran. He studied Assyriology in Copenhagen with O. Ravn and Semitic languages under H.
wkdengren Nyberg in Uppsala who also taught him Iranian languages, foremost among them Avestan and Pahlavi. In addition he was well versed in Greek, Latin, and Armenian. His vast knowledge of the languages and cultures of the Near East and Iran enabled him to perform comprehensive studies of the religions in that area and for that matter also in comparative teo. One may distinguish several topics of research with which he was particularly concerned and these are here treated in more detail.
Widengren devoted much energy to the comparative study of religions and the problems it raised, especially the phenomenology of religion, which was much in fashion during the first half of the 20th century.
Based on a wealth of material from a wide diversity of cultures, but with a certain emphasis on the Middle East, he combined the comparative method with a clear historical perspective which led to a better understanding of the religious phenomena studied. He investigated mainly the Israelite and ancient Near Eastern traditions but addressed also the question widdngren Iranian kingship in articles and chapters of his books goe Iranian religions. He could show that the Iranian beliefs corresponded strikingly with those of indigenous African peoples.
This typological concordance allowed the conclusion that the high gods of Africa were not the result of missionary influences but represented ancient inherited tradition. In the early decades of the 20th century the origins of gnosticism was much debated.
Widengren aligned himself with these scholars, emphasizing the pre-Christian origins of Gnosticism as well as its Indo-Iranian background. Widengren was much concerned with the question of the Iranian impact on western religions of antiquity. He concluded that Iranian religion exercised a decisive influence on early Judaism and Christianity, as well as widenfren Gnosticism and Mithraism. His argument was elaborated with skill and first-hand knowledge of all the relevant texts, Subsequent scholarship addressing this problem has been more cautious, without denying the Iranian influence however e.
He maintained with fervor the ancient origins of the Iranian apocalyptic tradition and its pervasive influence on the corresponding Jewish and Christian traditions. In his argumentation for the priority of Iran he emphasized the conservative character of the Pahlavi literature, in particular its dependence on Avestan traditions, and the role played by the Zurvanite variant of Iranian religion see Zurvanism.
Widengren also assumed the task of writing a general survey of Iranian religions, Die Religionen Irans gek was published in This work is notable for its historical approach and for its broad perspective including chapters on the religion of the northern Iranian tribes Scythians and Ossetes as well as the eastern peoples viz.
He also wrote one of the best overviews of Israelite religion available Selected chronological studies by Widengren for a full bibliography of his publications up tosee J.
Iran and Islam by Geo Widengren
Bio-bibliographies de savantsActa Iranica 20, Leiden,pp. A Comparative StudyStockholm, Hochgottglauben im alten Iran: Studies in Iranian and Manichean Religion, Uppsala, Kessier, Mani and ManichaeismNew York, Die Religionen IransStuttgart, ; Fr.
Handbook for the History of Religions I, Leiden,pp. Studi in honore di Angelo BrelichRome, Submitted tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it is posted online.