Słowa kluczowe: dyrektywa azotanowa, dyrektywa ściekowa, eutrofizacja wód, Ramowa Dyrektywa Wodna S t r e s z c z e n i e Celem artykułu jest analiza. Introduction. 2. Brief description of the geography and regional organizations in Poland. 3. Soils in Poland. 4. Rainfall and temperature regimes in. aplikacyjne” areał – area, acreage azot – nitrogen. Azotanowa, Dyrektywa zob. Dyrektywa Azotanowa azotany – nitrates badanie gleby – soil analysis, soil tests.
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Azofanowa will help to create independent space for discussion concerning actions aztanowa and implementation of new environmental initiatives. There are also plans of implementing actions to continue operations of the platform following project completion. They emphasised pollution caused by illegal wastewater discharged directly to the Reservoir and on adjacent fields. Zalewski Presentation by W.
Dr Katarzyna Izydorczyk opened the event by presenting its goals and introducing experts invited. The third item of the Agenda included a discussion panel.
The following findings and conclusions were made during the discussion:. In the conclusion of the meeting, Dr Kinga Krauze ERCE suggested that the stakeholders should together identify problems related with water and wastewater management in the Pilica basin, and develop a system of efficient solutions for each problem, which would contain a list of competent institutions, contact details and scope of their competence related with addressing specific problem. The system of efficient solutions would be discussed with officials and notified to the Pilica basin offices and self-governments respectively.
The system would address both the rules of law and methods of obtaining relevant funding. According to the experts, granting of the funds required detailed analysis of individual situations thus the TGE representatives were advised to contact respective competent authorities.
Dr Katarzyna Izydorczyk explained that the project assumed development of the Action Programme but not its implementation. Having regard to its implementation, it is planned to perform a legal and economic analysis to identify methods of obtaining funds and relevant legislation. Promotion of the Programme developed and cooperation with national and regional authorities are also necessary for its further implementation. TGE representatives asked questions concerning practical impact of EKOROB Project implementation on improvement of purity level of water in the basin; Dr Katarzyna Izydorczyk explained that ecotones constructed under the project represented demo sites which were to demonstrate how actions aiming at improved water quality could be harmonised with needs of the local communities.
Reduction of point pollution through modernisation of wastewater treatment plants or construction of sewage network may turn insufficient, especially that restoring original condition of groundwater supplying the rivers and reservoirs was a multi-year cycle. That is why improvement of the ground and surface water quality should include the actions aiming to:.
That stage would also cover educational and information meetings held during open air events organised by the municipalities and organisations responsible for school education and training cycles. Dr Katarzyna Izydorczyk summarised the meeting and thanked its participants. Identification of the key pollution sources in the part of the Pilica catchment located above Sulejow Reservoir and its direct catchment, was the leading theme of the conference. The following parties were invited to take part in the meeting: Stakeholders that participated in the previous meetings of the Platform, authorities of the municipality government that participated in a survey to identify the key problems of water management in the upper section of the Pilica catchment, as well as other representatives of governmental and non-governmental institutions interested in the topic of this meeting.
Brief introductions of the meeting participants followed. This presentation informed the participants of the need to translate systemic ecohydrology know-how into systemic solutions: The following issues were raised during this presentation:.
Currently, LIFE programme has been implemented for the periodhowever a plan to extend the programme for the period is developed. In her presentation Ms S.
The following topics were raised:. The following issues were raised:. Participants were divided into 3 groups composed of several members. They discussed the topics proposed by using flipcharts:.
The main theses of the discussion were recorded on flipcharts. The Host updated them on the issues formulated by the previous groups and encouraged to further discussions. Participants were recording their ideas on the charts to provide the next groups with reference items. Discussions and conclusions were summarised during the plenary session. The following solutions to reduce diffuse pollution in the individual municipalities were proposed:.
In order to raise awareness in the field of agricultural pollution of the public administration, the following was proposed:. According to the Platform Stakeholders, the following institutions may support the process of reducing diffuse pollution in terms of limiting pressures and implementation of new technologies:. Regional Inspections for Environmental Protection are competent authorities in the field of monitoring of surface and groundwater quality, while the Chemical and Agricultural Research Laboratories monitor soil and water in terms of phosphorus and nitrogen contents.
Municipalities are competent authorities in the field of controlling sewage disposal system of cesspit-related inspections — example solutions in Sulejow Municipality The lack of provisions indicating the need to demonstrate the way of disposing sewage upon granting the decision on approving single-family housing.
Agroturystyka – Karkonosze i Kotlina Jeleniogórska
Agency for Restructuring and Modernisation of Agriculture is able to control municipal waste and disposal of cesspit contents. National Fund for Environmental Protection and Regional Fund for Environmental Protection provide co-financing for connections with drainage network. In case of farmers conducting economic activity, the Regional Inspections for Environmental Protection are entitled to perform relevant checks. Agricultural Consultation Centres deliver training for farmers, an option of cooperation with municipalities in the field of training promotion and organisation.
Regional Directorates for Environmental Protection: Regional Board of Melioration and Water Equipment: Participants highlighted the lack of clear regulations, clear division of competence and the lack of enforcement of the existing regulations.
Using the example of resolving the problem of waste disposal in Sulejow, she demonstrated that by learning from one another, we accelerate the education process. Iwona Wagner emphasised the fact that during the discussion panel, three key issues had been identified:.
The leading theme of the Conference included presentation of the progress achieved in work on documentation developed under the 1 st stage of the Action Programme focused on reduction of diffuse pollution from agricultural and municipal sources in the Pilica catchment, which is the main objective of the above-mentioned project. Participants were welcomed by Piotr Kagankiewicz, Starost of Tomaszowski District, who thanked for choosing the District Office as the Conference venue.
He expressed his hope that implementation of azotanwa EKOROB, the EU Project, would allow to improve the condition of water in the Pilica catchment and Sulejow Reservoir, which would contribute to restoring its former splendour. Then he presented objectives of the meeting to the participants, and encouraged them to take part in the discussion and express their opinions. Discussion Panel was focused on the following two topics, and represented the next item of the agenda after the break:.
Participants also expressed the need of azotanowx joint activities in the Pilica catchment, as well as in the direct catchment of the Reservoir, to improve the quality of water which conditions touristic potential of the municipalities located on the Reservoir. At the end of the meeting, Professor Maciej Zalewski thanked participants for coming to the event, for their proposals and information.
A presentation of the preliminary version of the Action Programme to reduce diffuse pollution from agricultural and municipal sources in the Pilica catchment, which is the main objective of the Project, was the leading theme of the conference. Representatives of dyrdktywa territorial government entities from the territory of the Pilica dyrekttywa catchment Lodzkie Provincewhere the Dyrktywa is implemented, as well as representatives of governmental and non-governmental institutions whose operations are directly or indirectly related with water management and agriculture, were invited to the meeting.
Representatives of the territorial government entities from the territory of the Pilica upper catchment Silesia and Malopolskie Provinceswhere the Project is implemented, as well as representatives of governmental and non-governmental institutions whose operations are directly or indirectly related with water management and agriculture, were invited to the meeting.
The need to develop new tools based on scientific achievements in the field of water protection as well as elaborate and deliver mechanisms and tools facilitating their implementation and application in the Pilica catchment in Silesia Province was discussed during the meeting. Information on onsite and local wastewater treatment systems was presented as an additional dyrekttywa. Representatives of the territorial government entities from the territory of the Pilica catchment in Swietokrzyskie Province, where the Project is implemented, as well as representatives of governmental and non-governmental institutions whose operations are directly or indirectly related with water management and agriculture, were invited to the meeting.
Protection of water quality in the lake situated on the agricultural area
Ecotones for Reducing Diffuse Pollution. Identification of areas which potentially generate diffuse pollution. Onsite wastewater treatment systems as a solution for areas with scattered housing. Local wastewater treatment systems as a solution for villages with compact housing. Cyclical meetings of key institutions and groups involved both in the Pilica catchment and issues addressed by the project, i.
Development of the platform for actions, meetings and discussions as well as integration of many groups and institutions under the Platform of Stakeholders ryrektywa of the utmost importance for the progress and success of this project.
Zaburzenia zachowania bydła w chowie by Lukasz Kowalewski on Prezi
Representatives of institutions, local governments, organisations and associations took part in the conference. We extremely value dyrsktywa fact that during the Project conclusion, the conference was participated by institutions representing both local and regional level as well as the national. Next speakers included Ms. It included presentation of the key project achievements in the field of reducing diffuse pollution, issues concerning municipal sources of pollution, analyses and systems used in the project, e.
Defining the factors that enable to implement the Action Programme, which was developed under the project, i. At the first demosite, participants saw solutions applied under the project, i. In Barkowice, a highly efficient ecotone zone containing a denitrification wall to reduce nitrogen compounds incoming with underground water of Sulejow Reservoir was also presented.
The participants also got familiar with the characteristics of the areas were the demosites are located, and took part in a demonstration of sample collection and the field analyses, which are cyclically held under the project. The workshops were organised to present and discuss proposed solutions to reduce diffuse pollution, which were developed under EKOROB Project and compiled as the Action Programme, which listed the proposals consulted during meetings of the Platform of Stakeholders.
The Polish experience and tools elaborated under EKOROB Project implementation were presented in the context of actions delivered to reduce diffuse pollution in other European states. The conference was attended by 98 participants representing 7 foreign institutes and 37 institutions involved in environmental protection, water management and agriculture, ddyrektywa institutions, personnel of agricultural consultation centres, representatives of local governments, ecology-oriented organisations, and chambers of agriculture.
The detailed list of the institutions represented in the workshops is presented below:. The following guests spoke next: On the first day of the workshops, presentations were delivered by guests azotanoda from European states.
They presented their experience in the field of the programmes to reduce diffuse pollution in the following order:. The workshop participants and the foreign speakers could see the solutions implemented under the Project. During the visit to Zarzecin and Dytektywa demonstration sites, biotechnology-oriented investments were presented, i. Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player. The objective of this meeting included: The second item of the Agenda, i.
Professor Maciej Zalewski opened the panel and reminded that Poland was obliged to implement Water Framework Directive WFD by and if it did not achieve good ecosystem status it would be at risk of facing high financial penalties.
Obtaining additional time to implement this Directive is a key method to avoid the penalties. Xyrektywa to azoanowa by high rank EC officials, submission of a plan of measures based on innovative scientific research, start of their implementation and presenting the first indicators of the ecological status improvement provide the basis of granting such additional time.
Thus EKOROB Project aims at constructing buffer zones requiring small space which will highly efficiently reduce load of nitrogen from agricultural land and phosphorus from urbanised and recreational areas. The following findings and conclusions were made during the discussion: It is also possible to consider a change in the protection zone identified based on relevant application. This task is planned for delivery between and Professor Zalewski proposed that the project should verify whether the land designated for the ecotonic zones development could be supported by agri-environment payment scheme.
TGE representatives emphasised the need of granting financial preferences for municipalities adjacent to the Reservoir azotaniwa pollution coming from all azohanowa basin areas above the Reservoir accumulated within their territory.
Professor Zalewski suggested that an organisational dyeektywa should be developed for municipalities adjacent to the Reservoir to support them jointly in obtaining preferential financing. NWMB emphasised that no actions implemented in the Reservoir itself would resolve the issues, and the whole country would be accountable for WFD implementation.