Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Zürich, ). Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Studies on Animals) is considered to be the first modern. For Gessner’s Historia animalium, I have particularly benefitted from the insights in Laurent Pinon, ‘Conrad Gessner and the Historical Depth of. Renaissance. Library has v. only. Library’s v. 1 has hand-colored ill. prepared as a presentation copy for Gesner who has signed the title page inscription.
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Historia animalium “History of the Animals”published at Zurich in —58 andis an encyclopedic “inventory of renaissance zoology” by Conrad Gessner — The Historia animalium is the first modern zoological work that attempts to describe all the animals known, and the first bibliography of cinrad history writings.
The five volumes of natural history of animals cover more than pages. The Historia animalium was Gessner’s magnum opusand was the most widely read of all the Renaissance natural histories. The generously illustrated work was so popular that Gessner’s abridgement, Thierbuch “Animal Book”was published in Zurich inand in England Edward Topsell translated and condensed it as a Historie of foure-footed beastes London: William Jaggard He then adds his own observations, and those of his correspondents, in an attempt to formulate a comprehensive description of the natural history of animals.
It is compiled from ancient and medieval texts, jistoriae the inherited knowledge of ancient naturalists like AristotlePliny the Elder and Aelian. In his larger works Gessner sought to distinguish fact from myth and popular misconceptions,  clnrad so his encyclopedic work included both extinct creatures and newly discovered animals of the East Indiesthose of the far north and animals brought back from the New World.
The work included extensive information on mammalsbirdsfishand reptiles. It described in detail their daily habits and movements. It also included their uses in medicine and nutrition.
Historiæ animalivm …
Historia animalium showed the animals’ places in historyliterature and art. Sections of each chapter detailed the animal and its attributes, in gfsner tradition of the emblem book. Gessner’s work included facts in different languages such as the names of the animals. The colored woodcut illustrations were the first real attempts to represent animals in conrwd natural environment.
It is the first book to illustrate fossils. Gessner acknowledges one of his main illustrators was Lucas Schananimakium an artist from Strasbourg. He likely used other illustrators as well as himself;  the book is however famous for copying illustrations from other sources, including Durer’s Rhinoceros from a well-known woodcut. There was extreme religious tension at the time Historia animalium came out. Under Pope Paul IV it was felt that the anmalium convictions of an author contaminated all his writings,  and as Gessner was a Protestantit was added to the Catholic Church’s list of prohibited books.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Historia animalium libri I-IV. Retrieved 29 November Most importantly, he was concerned with precise identification.
Historia animalium: De quadrupedibus oviparis – Conrad Gessner, Jacob Carronus – Google Books
His book was the first to present fossil cornad so students may more easily recognize objects that cannot be very clearly described in words. Daston, Lorraine ; et al.
Wonders and the Order of Nature, Science and the Secrets of Nature: University of Illinois Press. Gmelig-Nijboer, Caroline Aleid Conrad Gessner’s ‘Historia animalium’: Gessner, Conrad ; et al. Huxley, Gessner et al. Jardine, Secord; et al.
Cultures of Natural History. Library Company of Phil, Steven A Celebration of Philadelphia Libraries: The Science of Describing: Natural History in Renaissance Europe. University of Chicago Press.
Retrieved 26 September The Meaning of Fossils. The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy.
Historia animalium (Gessner) – Wikipedia
Topsell, Edward,; Gessner, Konrad; et al. The history of four-footed beasts and serpents and insects. Germ theory of disease Central dogma of molecular biology Darwinism Great chain of being Hierarchy of life Lamarckism One gene—one enzyme hypothesis Protocell RNA world hypothesis Sequence hypothesis Spontaneous generation. Stephen Jay Gould W. History of science Philosophy of biology Teleology Ethnobotany Eugenics History of the creation-evolution controversy Human Genome Project Humboldtian science Natural history Natural philosophy Natural theology Relationship between religion and science Timeline of biology and organic chemistry.
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