Catal Huyuk was one of the world’s first towns. It was built in what is now Turkey about 6, BC not long after farming began. Catal Huyuk probably had a. Catal Huyuk is one of the oldest towns ever found by archaeologists, dating back more than years. While only having been excavated. The excavations at Çatalhöyük have now been running for more than 50 years. Prior to the earliest investigations of the site in the midth century, locals in the .

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Share Discover in a free daily email today’s famous history and birthdays Enjoy the Famous Daily. Catal Huyuk, in Anatolia, is the best example of an early neolithic town where the transition to a fully settled existence has been satisfactorily achieved. Food is produced by agriculture, with the cultivation of wheat and barley, and by the breeding of cattle.


In addition to meat and milk, the cattle provide transport as beasts of burden. A surplus of food enables specialist crafts to develop.

History of the Excavations | Çatalhöyük Research Project

The community uses pottery and woven textiles. Only a fraction of the site has been excavated, but it is known to be in continuous occupation from about to BC.

The population is calculated to number aboutliving in houses. Each house in Catal Huyuk has its own oven for the baking of bread.

The walls and the floors of the houses are covered in plaster, renewed annually, and the walls in most houses are decorated with panels of red.

Rush matting is used on the floors.


The furniture is built in as at the much later neolithic settlement of Skara Brae in Scotland with brick platforms for sitting on, working on and sleeping on. Under these platforms the bones of the dead are buried, to remain part of the family. Many of the houses excavated in Catal Huyuk are shrines so many that the small section of the site so far revealed is thought to be the religious quarter.


Their walls are painted with a wide range hisotry subjects. These include hunting scenes, a picture of vultures setting about human corpses, and even an elementary landscape.

History of the Excavations

As in many early societies, such as Minoan Cretethe bull is a sacred animal. Bulls’ heads and horns project aggressively from the walls and altars of the temple chambers of Catal Huyuk. One of the murals suggests that a dangerous sport is practised here involving bulls, again as in Crete.