BS BRITISH STANDARD. Information security management systems –. Part 3: Guidelines for information security risk. BS was a standard originally published by BSI Group (BSI)in It was written by the United Kingdom Government’s Department of Trade and Industry. Работа по теме: Information security management systems BS ВУЗ: СПбГУТ.
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For all those risks where the option to reduce the risk has been chosen, appropriate controls should be implemented to reduce the risks to the level that has been identified as acceptable, or at least as much as is feasible towards that level.
In identifying the level of controls it is important to consider the security requirements related to the risks i. Controls can reduce the assessed risks in many different ways, for example by:. Which of these ways or a combination of them an organization chooses to adopt to protect its 20006 is a business decision and depends on the business requirements, the environment and the circumstances 2060 which the organization needs to operate.
It is always important to match the controls to the specific needs of an organization, and to justify their selection. There is no universal or common approach to the selection of control objectives and controls.
The selection process is likely to involve a number of decision steps, consultation and discussion with different parts of the business and with a number of key individuals, as well as a wide-ranging analysis of business objectives. The selection process needs to produce an outcome that best suits the organization in terms of its business requirements for the protection of its assets and its investment, its culture and risk tolerance.
It needs to be based on a clearly defined set of business goals and objectives or a mission statement. This selection should be supported by the results of the risk assessment, for example, the results of vulnerability and threat assessment might indicate where protection is needed, and what form it should take. Any such links to the risk assessment should be documented to justify the selection or otherwise of the controls. Documenting selected controls, together with the control objectives that they seek to achieve, in a statement of applicability is important in supporting certification and also enables the organization to track control implementation and continued effectiveness.
Further guidance on the statement of applicability can be found in. When selecting controls for implementation, a number of other factors should be considered including:. It is likely that some risks will exist for which either the organization cannot identify controls or for which the cost of implementing a control outweighs the potential loss through the risk occurring.
In these cases, a decision may be made to accept the risk and live with the consequences if the risk occurs.
Organizations should document these decisions, so that management is aware of 779-93 risk position, and can knowingly accept the risk. All key stakeholders should be made aware of, and agree to accept, the risk.
When making a decision to accept a risk, it is therefore important that individuals with differing perspectives 200 consulted and as much reliable information as possible is gathered. Different perspectives might be obtained from individuals from outside of the organization from other industries, or perhaps from within the organization from other functions or other geographical locations.
Wider consultation can avoid possible bias in decision-making or group-think whereby all the individuals within a decision group are blinded to specific facts or elements of the risk. Where a risk is accepted as being the worst-case the consequences of the risk occurring should be evaluated and discussed with the key stakeholders to gain their acceptance.
This could, for example, mean that a risk is deemed to be highly unlikely to occur but, if it occurred, the organization 77993- not survive. Once again, the discussion process and outcome of these discussions should be documented so that any doubt over the decisions and the outcome can vs clarified and to ensure that responsibilities for accepting risks are clearly allocated.
The outcome of such discussions may be documented in the statement of applicability. Where such a risk is deemed to be unacceptable by key stakeholders, but too costly to mitigate through controls, the organization could decide to transfer the risk.
Risk transfer is an option where it is difficult for bd company to reduce or control the risk to an acceptable level or it can be more economically transferred to a third party. There are several mechanisms for transferring risk to another organization, for example, the use of insurance.
Insurers in consideration of a premium can provide this after all the relevant underwriting information is supplied insurance is where an indemnity is provided if the risk occurs that falls within the policy cover provided.
However, even with insurance there is still bbs element of residual risk because there will be conditions and exclusions which will be applied dependent on the type of occurrence for which an indemnity is not provided. Transfer of risk by insurance needs to be analysed to identify how much of the actual risk is being transferred.
Generally, insurance does not mitigate non-financial 799-3 and does not provide immediate mitigation in the event of bz incident.
Another possibility is to use third parties or outsourcing partners to handle critical business assets or processes if they are suitably equipped for doing so.
In this 779-93, care should be taken to ensure that all security requirements, control objectives and controls are included in associated contracts to ensure that sufficient security will be in place. In addition, it is advisable to specify the security activities that should be undertaken in service levels, together with specific performance measures, so that activity and performance can be measured.
What should be kept in mind is that residual risk is again present in that the ultimate responsibility for the security of the outsourced information and information processing facilities remains with the original organization, and that through the act of outsourcing, new risks may be introduced which will need to be assessed and managed by the organization undertaking the outsourcing.
Risk avoidance describes any action where the business activities or ways to conduct business are changed to avoid any risk occurring. For example, risk avoidance can be achieved by:. Risk avoidance needs to be balanced against business and financial needs. For example, it might be inevitable for an organization to use the Internet or e-commerce because of business demands, despite any concerns about hackers, or it might be not feasible from a business process point of view to move certain assets to a safer place.
In such situations, one of the other options, i. After the risk treatment decision s have been implemented, there will always be risks remaining.
It should be assessed how much the risk treatment decisions help to reduce the risk, and how much of a residual risk remains. This residual risk can be difficult to assess, but at least an estimate should be made to ensure that sufficient protection is achieved.
If the residual risk is 20066, a business decision needs to be made about how to resolve this situation. One option is to identify different risk treatment options, or more controls, insurance arrangements, etc.
Whilst it is generally good practice not to tolerate unacceptable risks, it might not 77993 be possible or financially feasible to reduce all risks to an acceptable level. In these circumstances, it might be necessary to knowingly and objectively accept the 77993.
The accepted residual risks should be documented and approved by management. Once the risk treatment decisions have 799-3 taken, the activities to implement these decisions need to be identified and planned. Each implementation activity should be clearly identified and broken into as many sub-activities as are needed to be able to allocate clear responsibilities to individuals, estimate resource requirements, set milestones and deadlines, identify deliverables and monitor progress.
The planning process needs to include the identification of key stakeholders such as resource owners and a consultation process to ensure that resource requirements are properly estimated and can be made available, and that the relevant levels of management approval to spend the resources have been obtained. The time when each activity can be undertaken depends on the overall priority in relation to the other activities in the programme, the resource availability including consideration of funding and availability of people and whether it is dependant on any other activity to be completed before the ns can be started.
Other business and IT change programmes of work will usually have to be carefully coordinated with 779-93 risk treatment plan to ensure that any dependencies are identified and taken into account.
Prioritising activities is a management function and is usually closely aligned with the risk assessment activity discussed in Clause 5. Priorities for action are usually set 20006 ensure that activity is focused on the largest risks, though other political processes might also influence these priorities, such as the need to demonstrate quick wins to senior management.
In summary, the following activities need to be undertaken when formulating a risk treatment plan. Once the risk treatment plan has been formulated, resources can be allocated and activity to implement the risk management decisions can be started. It is necessary at this stage to ensure that there is a clear review process in place to ensure that activity is undertaken as planned, that deliverables are of the desired quality, that milestones are met and that resource estimates are not exceeded see also 7.
Management of security risk is an ongoing activity that should be assigned to an individual or a team within the organization. As part of a contractual arrangement an outsourcing business partner may manage some of the risk, however, responsibility for risk management as a whole should remain in-house.
For a small organization responsibility may be taken by a single individual as part of a job portfolio. In most organizations a security manager with responsibility for the ISMS should be clearly identified. The person or team that manages security risk should have the following characteristics. Over time there is a tendency for the performance of any service or mechanism to deteriorate. Monitoring is intended to detect this deterioration and initiate corrective action.
The majority of security controls will require maintenance and administrative support to ensure their correct gs appropriate functioning during their life. These activities should be planned and performed on a regular, scheduled basis. In this manner their overhead can be minimized, and the relevance of the security controls preserved.
Many controls produce an output that should be checked for security significant events e. General system audit functions can provide useful information, which can be used in this regard.
Automated review and analysis of system logs or a secondary human review is an effective tool for helping to ensure the intended performance. Management needs to review the ISMS to ensure its continuing suitability, adequacy and effectiveness. In order to ensure the adequacy of the ISMS, management needs to consider the changing risk situation and the ability of the ISMS to deal with these changed risks.
The scope of the ISMS might require redefinition due to changed business objectives or other important modifications.
Information security management systems BS 7799-3-2006
Regular management reviews should take place. Organizations should tune the ISMS by reviewing appropriate targets and metrics.
Either qualitative or quantitative targets could be appropriate depending on the nature of the ISMS. Reviews should be based on information from users of the ISMS, results from previous reviews, 7799-33 reports, records of procedures, and internal and external benchmarking.
The output of the review should be specific about changes to the ISMS, for example 20006 identifying modifications to procedures that affect information security, and to ensure adequacy of coverage. The output should also show where efficiency improvements can be made. The review should be 7799-33 about required resources, both to implement the improvements and to maintain them.
The results from an original security risk assessment and management review need to be regularly reviewed for change. There are several factors that could change the originally assessed risks. Any b business function could mean new or changed information assets, and any changes documented and considered in the ns assessment and management process.
After all these different changes have been taken into account, the risk should be re-calculated and necessary changes to the risk treatment decisions and security controls identified and documented. These changes should ns agreed with management and implemented. A risk register should be maintained that includes the date of the last assessment, a description of the risk, an estimate of the impact and the likelihood, any mitigating controls, and a statement of action required, with target date and owner.
A maintained risk register provides a useful vehicle for communication see also 7. The independent party does not need to be from outside the organization. Internal auditors should not be under the supervision or control of those responsible for the implementation or daily management of the ISMS.
Where internal audits discover a need for actions to be taken to adjust the ISMS these should be fully documented, responsibility should be assigned and a target date determined.
Complete, accessible and correct documentation and 77799-3 controlled process to manage documents are necessary to support the ISMS, although the scope and detail will vary from organization to organization.
Information security management systems BS
Responsibility for overseeing the process of managing documentation needs to be clearly assigned and agreed. Documentation includes policies, standards, guidelines, procedures, checklists, the risk register and other guidance in support of the ISMS.
A list of required documentation can be found in. These documents, and any other documentation and records that are necessary to operate the ISMS and to provide evidence that the ISMS is operating correctly and efficiently should be maintained, and these documents should be current and relevant. Some documentation which is relevant to enforcing the ISMS controls will be owned by functions other than information security.
These aligned requirements help to combine different ba systems and to consistently apply necessary documentation control.