John Dillery, Clio’s Other Sons: Berossus and Manetho, with an afterword on Demetrius. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, , Pp. Book review of Dillery (J.) Clio’s other sons: Berossus and Manetho, with an afterword on Demetrius. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. An Opportunity: Hellenization and World History. Something obviously very big happened in the history of the world in the Hellenistic period.
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This book has a bold thesis and detailed argumentation: The Pentateuch was written in the third begossus BCE circa — by the same Jewish scholars who translated the Hebrew text into Greek pp.
The primary literary evidence for this late dating comes from two Hellenistic historians, Berossus and Manetho, whom Gmirkin identifies as major figures of influence in the production of the Pentateuch.
The simplicity of this model is stressed p. The Church fathers suggested dependence of Berossus on Genesis 1—11, but Hellenistic scholars e. Anf, Burstein think that a number of references are not what Berossus wrote himself but later interpolations by Jewish writers to make a reading conform to Genesis pp. For this reason most references are deleted from modern translations of his text Burstein, The Xnd of Berossus, p. Berossus wrote Babyloniaca to instruct Greco-Macedonian rulers about Babylon and its cultural history Burstein, pp.
Not surprisingly, no one before Gmirkin has ever supposed that Berossus is the direct source for the authors of Genesis 1—11, especially since the hypothesis implies that learned Jews of the third century BCE chose an inferior literary work on Babylonian history, written in poor Greek Burstein, p.
Gmirkin rightly stresses the indebtedness of ,anetho 1—11 to Mesopotamian sources p.
If some parallel exists between Genesis berkssus and Enuma Elish that does not appear in Berowsus, Gmirkin asserts that it was likely present in the longer original version of Babyloniacathus resorting to argumentum e silentio to make his case pp. The parallels between Genesis 1—2 and Berossus that are absent in Enuma Elish the darkness of the primeval waters; the creation of animals can be explained without the dependency of Genesis on Berossus pp.
But if Berossus was able to deduce from Enuma Elish that Tiamat the primeval sea was darkness, then anf writer of Gen 1: Gmirkin supposes that Berossus exclusively based his story of creation on Enuma Elish bersosus.
Reversal of sequence, however, is one way ancient authors marked their reliance on literary sources e. Other than human speech, there is no resemblance between the snake of Genesis and the half-fish-half-human monster of Berossus pp. Gmirkin mentions the snake in the Epic of Gilgamesh who stole and ate the plant of life that would keep Gilgamesh eternally youthful p.
Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Parallels with the Garden story are acknowledged p. Thus, he underlines the importance of distinguishing statements of Manetho from those of Josephus who identified the Hyksos with the Jews on the basis of the similarities between the Israelites of the Exodus story and the Hyksos of Manetho pp.
How then can Gmirkin so confidently assert that the Exodus story is dependent on Manetho pp. Verbrugghe and WickershamBerossos and Manethopp. How can Gmirkin be certain that Manetho mentioned Moses but also argue that Manetho knew nothing about Manetoh traditions?
An interview with John Dillery, author of Clio’s Other Sons: Berossus and Manetho
Even if it is true that Manetho did not have the Exodus story in mind p. Gmirkin does not consider the possibility that Babylonian and Canaanite literary sources lie behind the Exodus story.
Both Hyksos and Israelites were foreigners in Egypt, described as shepherds, expelled by the Egyptians and settled in Jerusalem pp. Gmirkin analyzes common themes expulsion, conquest, slavery between Manetho and Exodus, but not the biblical text itself. His claim for the late dating of the Pentateuch is based on a small amount of text. Yet this volume is an intriguing read because it challenges us at every turn to think about source-critical questions and to ask about the direction of literary dependence.
GmirkinBerossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus: Reviewed by Joyce Rilett Wood Toronto.