Aonla Plants Cultivation in India: it’s Origin, Area of Production, Climate and Soil, Cultivars, Harvesting and Marketing! Family: Euphorbiaceae. Aonla or amla or. Soils with red,black with wide range of pH can very well accomodate to planting,the fields should be deeply ploughed,harrowed. Besides fruits, leaves, bark, and even seeds are being used for various purposes. The total area under Aonla in Andhra Pradesh is about 4,
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Aonla is also kno wn as Indian Gooseberry and has Scientific name as Embelica officinalis andbelongs to the family euphorbiaceae, has a high medicinal value. The fruits have the richest source of vitamin C mg in gm of fruits. It is a highly prolific bearer without much care. Though there are many hybrids available but to name a few are Banarasi,Chakaiya,Kanchan,francis,krishna,NA6,7,8,9 are found to give good production. It is also considered to be an excellent liver tonic.
Ayurvedic medicines like Chyavanprash,Triphalahurna,Brahma rasayan and Madhumehga churna contains essentially Aonla as their ingredients. Phyllemblin,obtained from the fruit pulp has been found to have a mild depressant action on central nervous system.
It has very good demand for the industries for the preparation of various health care products also like hair oils,dye,shampoo,face creams and tooth powders. Light as well as medium heavy soils except purely sandy soils is ideal for aonla cultivation. The tree is well adopted to dry regions and can also be grown in moderate alkaline soils. The worst of soils upto 9. Soils with red ,black with wide range of pH can very well accomodate aonla.
Prior to planting ,the fields should be deeply ploughed,harrowed and leveled. The pits above 1metre cube should be dug during the month of May-June at appropriate distance and after days of exposure to sun are filled with surface soils mixed with 10 to 15 kg of decomposed farm yard manure.
If depression takes place in the pits with onset of rain,more soil should be added. Aonla plants can be grown in both Tropical and subtropical climates. Annual rainfall of mmmm is ideal for its growth. The young plants up to the age of 3years should be protected from hot wind during May -June and from frost during winter months.
The mature plants can tolerate freezing temperatures as well as a high temperatures up to 46 degree Centigrade.
Aonla Plants: Aonla Plants Cultivation in India
Number of seedlings for one acre of area should be The field should be Incorporated with 4 tonnes of Farm yard manure. Fertilizers should be given in the ratio of Also application of 30 gram of nitrogen each year during September -October up to 10 years for each tree is recommended. The young plants should be given kg of well rotten FYM and the mature trees should be fertilized with 1 kg of Super Phosphate and Aonls above fertilizers should be given in two split doses to mature,bearing tree,once during September-October and gain during April-May.
After setting of the culrivation the plants needs to be irrigated after fertilizer application. Aonla is generally propagated by shield budding. Budding is done on one year old seedlings with buds collected from superior varieties yielding big sized fruits.
Older trees or poor fultivation can be changed into superior types by top working. Aonla plant has long been raised from seed and used as rootstock. The seeds attain full maturity by February for which they should be sown cultiation the last week also for getting the higher percentage of germination.
The cultivatikn results were obtained by sowing at the commencement of rainy season and subsequently weeding regularly. Artificial Propagation can also be done by the ripe fruits collected in January and dried in sun dehisce and are swept up and cleaned by winnowing. It is desirable to use fresh seed as the seeds do not retain viability for long.
The seeds need hot water treatment 80 degree Celsius for 5 minutes to hasten germination which takes about 10 days. The pits of 1 sq. Each pit should be filled aonlq surface soil mixed with 15 kg FYM and 0.
Cultivation of Aonla
Healthy grafts or budded plants are planted during rainy season preferably during the early monsoon in July with square system. Young plants require watering during summer months at 15 days interval till they are fully established. Watering of alnla plants is advised during summer months at bi weekly interval.
After the monsoon rains ,during October-December about litres of water per day per tree through drip irrigation should be given. The schedule can also be done as follows. Plants up to 2 years of age -at 10 days interval. Plants up to 4 years of age -at 15 days interval.
Plants after 4 years of age -at 20 days interval. Leaving only well shaped branches with wide angle at about 0. During summer, the crop should be mulched with paddy straw or wheat straw at the base of the tree upto cm from the trunk.
Aonla/Amla cultivation/Amla Farming – Kisan Suvidha
Inter crops like green gram, black gram, cow pea and horse gram can be grown upto 8 years. Major insects which affect the aonla plants are Bark eating caterpillars which can be controlled by following methods. Injection of Endosulfan at the ratio of 2ml in 1 litres of water or Monocrotophos 2ml in 1 litre of water or dichlorovos in the ratio of 1.
Spraying of Mancozeb in the proportion of 3gm per litre of water twice first in early September and second 15 days after first application controls the spread of rust. Aonla rust can be controlled by spraying blue copper 3 gm per litre of water or combination of Carbendazim and Mancozeb readilly available in the market in the ratio of 2gm per litre of water.
The seedling or vegetative saplings of Aonla require clean weeding, soil working for about two years for successful establishment and fast growth. This can be very well done by spraying glyphosate in the proportion of 6. Precaution should be taken that no directed spray should be on the seedlings or the plants which are grown. Aonla tree starts bearing after about years of planting. The mature fruits are ahrd and they do not fall at gentle touch and therefore vigorous shaking is required.
Fruits can also be harvested using long bamboo poles attached with hooks.
A mature Aonla tree of about 10 years will yield kg of fruit. The average weight of the fruit is g and 1 cuptivation contains about fruits. A well maintained Aonla tree yields up to an age of 70 years.
A full grown grafted aonla tree with good bearing habit yields from to kg fruit per year. Average fruit yield is kg per grafted tree. The demand of aonla fruit by various commercial pharmaceutical companies has taken an upward swing and there is enough incentive for tribals to collect the fruit.
The average price offered for green fruits is Rs3 to 4 per kg. Panna aonla is famous for its bold size and absence of fibres.
Aonla existed by way of Kayakalp in our country for more than years ago. We should rediscover the goodness of amla especially at a time when people are turning away from alopathy due to various side-effects. India’s present production is around 1. If by spreading culttivation, we can get every Indian to eat one amla a day, we will require2 lakh tones a day. Mqs Mqs June 4, at A ‘time bomb’ for world wheat crop!
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