Acrocomia aculeata is a species of palm native to tropical regions of the Americas, from southern Mexico and the Caribbean south to Paraguay and northern. Acrocomia totai. This large palm from Brazil, Bolivia and Argentina is covered with spines and is best described as ‘interesting’ although, especially from a. North, Central, South. Not a problem species (un-documented). Assessment Status: Complete. Growth Habit. Tree. Origin.

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Spiny and handsome palm from South America which produces seeds as hard as stones which are not at all easy to germinate. Once sprouted though, growth is fast and satisfying.

Not endangered palm, the most notable characteristic is the large black spines on the trunk that are lost as the plant ages. These also present on the petioles and rachis.

Acrocomia totai Species Information

Fruit are edible, round, and yellow to orange when mature. Seeds are black, round and very hard. The most notable characteristic is the large black spines on the trunk that are lost as the plant ages. There are variations ecotypes within the type in the height, size, quantities of spines, leaves and forms of the trunk. Monoecious palm tree with a m high and cm in diameter, occasionally with a slight bulge at the base or in the middle to the solitaire trunk and, often, armed with up to 12 cm long cylindrical spines, specially when young, along incomplete circles, spaced cm throughout the trunk.


The leave rachis, also spiny on both sides, has more thancm long and cm wide, reduplicate, several-ranked and bifid tip leaflets.

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Leaves bases are entire, spiny and have indument. Acrocomia totai has a 1. Inflorescence bearing female flowers in triads at the base, while the rest bears male yellowish flowers. The mesocarp is fleshy, yellowish and abundant, very rich in oils.

Endocarp is dark brown to black, hard and mm thick and bears three pores off the equator. The seed has a 1. It prefers deep and sandy, not subject to flooding ground, adrocomia not so deep underground sheets of water.

It tolerates modified, clayish ground well and it is often found in spiny forests sharing its habitat with various species of trees. It normally grows on open plains or on deforested landfrequently found on disturbed land, in areas with well defined rainy seasons, normally on low lands. The seeds take about a year to germinate and the plants are fast growers if given enough water. Is the most cold resistant of all Acrocomias, tolerating frost without damage.

This is a tillering palm, it exhibits saxophone style root growth it has a heelkeep top third of heel above soil elevation!. As many other palm tree species, every part of Acrocomia totai was and is still used throughout America. Although it is nowadays mainly used for cosmetics, soaps and bio-diesel, in native cultures it was a source of food, beverages, clothing, fibers, threads, cattle food, oils and margarine, needles, firewood and charcoal.


Palmetto hearts come from its shoots, hypertension and diuretic medicines from its roots; its seeds are used as beads for necklaces and bracelets; its fruits are eaten fresh or as preserves and its endosperm is also ground and brewed with milk. They look like the Dade City form of A.

Special thanks to Palmweb. Genera Palmarum – Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

All images copyright of the artists and photographers see images for credits. Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. Back to Palm Encyclopedia. Taken on the waterfront of Corrientes, Argentina.

Trinidad, Itapua, in the south of Paraguay, near the river Parana. Photo by Dieter Oberlaender. Seedlings can arise with either an entire strap leaf acroco,ia, or bifid leaf. Retrieved from ” http: Navigation menu Personal tools Log in.

Acrocomia totai after 18F – DISCUSSING PALM TREES WORLDWIDE – PalmTalk

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