Tattvas are 36 in number in the descending order. The first five are Suddha or Pure Tattvas (). The second 7 Tattvas are Suddha-Asuddha or Pure-Impure. Because of the large number of possible blendings and re-blendings, the 36th tattva – Shiva Shakti – may seem to become identified, conditioned and confused. Sri Amit Ray tells the 36 Tattva Meditation for Spiritual Awakening. It brings balance & removes stress and duality. Explains yoga philosophy of 36 tattvas.
|Published (Last):||10 September 2009|
|PDF File Size:||3.97 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||9.14 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The tattvas in Indian philosophy are elements or principles of reality. Samkhya philosophy lists 25 tattvas while later Shaivite philosophies extend the number to Tattvas are used to explain the structure and txttvas of the Universe. They are usually divided into three groups: The pure tattvas describe internal aspects of the Absolute ; the pure-impure tattvas describe the soul and its limitations; while the impure tattvas include the universe and tattvaas beings that assist the existence of soul.
Samkhya philosophy considers there exist only 25 tattvas – twenty four atma tattvas along with atman or soul. According to later Shaivite philosophies, Parashiva or Parameshwara is the ultimate Reality or Parabrahman”the one form where everything emerges.
Another important sect of Shaivism, Tathvas Siddhantaa monism -cum- dualistic school, describes the tattvas in a different perspective. Passive Parameshwara is activated itself by Suddha Maya or divine grace Shakti of him.
The 36 Tattvas and Their Significance
Like that, the universe, Prakriti is activated by ashudda Maya physical body and all aspects of universeanother aspect of divine grace – Mahamaya. The interaction of Pure Maya and Impure Maya is the Pure – impure Maya where the souls Pashus attain knowledge which leads to the existence of whole universe.
Mahamaya divides itself into three aspects: Also known as Sakala tattva. One of the two tattvas of the omniscient, omnipresent, conscious Absolute. It is in its pure conscious state. Another aspect of the Absolute.
This tattva is responsible for the appearance of aham or self. Aso known as Bindu tattva.
Tattva (Shaivism) – Wikipedia
The tattva where the fourth act of Panchakritya – delusion or concealment happens. Idam”this is myself”, i. Here, “self-ness” and “this-ness” become tattvss.
These five tattvas are the Absolute which leads to the moksha of souls. Or this five tattvas can be seen as retrogradation of souls from lower state to its higher steps towards liberation. Pure-impure tattvas or Vidya tattvas are described as the “instruments” that assist the souls for their liberation.
Soul or Atman is considered as “Purusha tattva” here, while the final manifestation of almighty is known as “Maya tattva”. Maya manifests into five more tattvas known as “kanchukas”  and these six tattvas adjoins the pusursha tattva and thus, produce seven vidya tattvas. Maya hides the divine nature of created atttvas as it creates the sense of separateness from the Divine and from each other.
Kanchukas can be fairly translated as cloaks. They block the subject from recognising the divine nature of the Universe. It pairs with maya, the final manifestation of god along with five kancukas.
These five vidya tattvas are idle in nature. Raga is operated by Ishvara. There comes the assistance of upcoming 24 asuddha tattvas. It represents the capacity tatgvas discernment. That external sense of self is then experienced through the sensory mind manas. The five motor organs karmendriyaeach corresponding to a sense organ, represent the physical organs of action. They are the most rajasic functions of manas. We cannot actually perceive the reality, all we can access are limited “bands” of information that form a description of reality.
In such a state an enlightened being can perceive the world beyond the tatgvas senses direct perceptionin a state of diversity in unity and unity in diversity.
Tattva (Kashmir Shaivism)
Shaivism — Shaivism is one of the major traditions within Hinduism that reveres Shiva as the Supreme Being or its metaphysical concept of Brahman. The followers of Shaivism are called Shaivas or Saivas, like much of Hinduism, the Shaiva have many sub-traditions, ranging from devotional dualistic theism such as Shaiva Siddhanta to yoga-oriented monistic non-theism such as Kashmiri Shaivism. It considers both the Vedas and the Agama texts as important sources of theology, Shaivism has ancient roots, traceable in the Vedic literature of 2nd millennium BCE, but this is in the form of the Vedic deity Rudra.
Both devotional and monistic Shaivism became popular in the 1st millennium CE and it arrived in Southeast Asia shortly thereafter, leading to thousands of Shaiva temples on the islands of Indonesia as well as Cambodia and Vietnam, co-evolving with Buddhism in these regions.
In the contemporary era, Shaivism is one of the aspects of Hinduism. Shaivism theology ranges from Shiva being the creator, preserver, destroyer to being the same as the Atman within oneself and it is closely related to Shaktism, and some Shaiva worship in Shiva and Shakti temples. It is the Hindu tradition that most accepts ascetic life and emphasizes yoga, Shaivism is one of the largest traditions within Hinduism.
Shiva literally means kind, friendly, gracious, or auspicious, as a proper name, it means The Auspicious One. The word Shiva is used as an adjective in the Rig Veda, as an epithet for several Rigvedic deities, the term Shiva also connotes liberation, final emancipation and the auspicious one, this adjective sense of usage is addressed to many deities in Vedic layers of literature.
The reverence for Shiva is one of the traditions, found widely across India, Sri Lanka. While Shiva is revered broadly, Hinduism itself is a complex religion, Shaivism is a major tradition within Hinduism, with a theology that is predominantly related to the Hindu god Shiva.
Shaivism has many different sub-traditions with regional variations and differences in philosophy, Shaivism has a vast literature with different philosophical schools, ranging from nondualism, dualism, and mixed schools. The origins of Shaivism are unclear and a matter of debate among scholars, some trace the origins to the Indus Valley civilization, which reached its peak around — BCE. Archeological discoveries show seals that suggest a deity that appears like Shiva.
Of these is the Pashupati seal, which scholars interpreted as someone seated in a meditating yoga pose surrounded by animals. This Pashupati seal has been interpreted by scholars as a prototype of Shiva. Bhairava — Bhairava is a Hindu deity, a fierce manifestation of Shiva associated with annihilation. Bhairava originated in Hindu legends and is sacred to Hindus and Jains alike and he is worshiped throughout India and Nepal.
Bhairava is the form of Lord Shiva and they guard the cardinal points. The Ashta Bhairavas control the 8 directions of this universe, each Bhairava has eight sub Bhairavas under them, totaling 64 Bhairavas. All of the Bhairavas are ruled and controlled by Maha Swarna Kala Bhairava otherwise known as Kala Bhairava, Bhairavi is the consort of Kala Bhairava Bhairava is also called as protector, as he guards the eight directions of the universe.
In all Hindu temples, there will be a Bhairava idol and this Bhairava is the protector of the temple. In Shiva temples, when the temple is closed, the keys are placed before Bhairava, Bhairava is also described as the protector of women.
He is described as the protector of the timid and in women who are timid in nature. The right interpretation is he protects his devotees from dreadful enemies, greed, lust, Bhairava protects his devotees from these enemies. These enemies are dangerous as they never allow us to seek God within, bha means creation, ra means sustenance and va means destruction. Therefore, Bhairava is the one who creates, sustains and dissolves the three stages of life, therefore, he becomes the ultimate or the supreme.
The origin of Bhairava can be traced to a conversation between Brahma and Vishnu which is recounted in the Shiva Mahapuranam, in it, Vishnu inquired of Brahma, Who is the supreme creator of the Tattvae. I can do everything that Shiva does and therefore I am Shiva, Brahma became a little egotistical as a result of this. Additionally, he began to forge the work of Shiva and also started interfering in what Shiva was supposed to be doing, consequently, Mahadeva threw a small nail from his finger which assumed the form of Kala Bhairava and casually went to cut off one of Brahmas heads.
Virabhadra — Virabhadra or Veerabhadra is a tatttvas form of the Hindu god Shiva. He was created by the wrath of Shiva and destroyed the Yagna of Daksha, after Dakshas daughter and he is described as a warrior who eventually blinded Bhaga, subdued Indra and broke, among many other countless 63, Pushans teeth. Other gods fled the battlefield unable to sustain his power, Sati was the youngest daughter of Daksha.
When Sati grew up she set her heart on Shiva, worshipping him, in the Swayamvara of Sati, Daksha invited all gods and princes except Shiva.
Sati cast her garland into air, calling upon Shiva to receive the garland, Tattvvas had no choice but to get Sati married with Shiva. One day Daksha made arrangements for a horse sacrifice called the Daksha Yaga. Satis urge to go to her due to the affection towards her parents overpowered the social etiquette for not going to an uninvited ceremony. Then Shiva came to know about this and with deep sorrow and anger, plucked a lock of hair, Lord Veerabhadra, and Rudrakali were born.
To provide him the power, arrived Bhadrakali, an incarnation of Devi. Maheshwara replied, Spoil the sacrifice of Daksha and she too in her wrath, as the fearful goddess Rudrakali, accompanied him, rattvas all her train, to witness his deeds.
Shiva directed Virabhadra, Lead my army against Daksha and destroy his sacrifice, Tqttvas Vishnu could not let his devotee – Daksha be mortified by Virabhadra. He therefore got astride his Garuda, armed as he was with Conch, Discus and Bow and Arrows tattvae he immediately rained powerful arrows at his foe from all directions.
Angered all the more by this unexpected attack, Veerabhadra also climbed a chariot. Both used celestial weapons – one upon the other, but none of them ttattvas affected in the least though they struck awe into the hearts of the onlookers, both were equally matched and both were adept and quick with their hands and weapons in offensive and defensive.
Keenly watching the duel and tattvss that Veerabhadra might come out victorious. Continuing the duel, Veerabhadra showered multiple weapons of tremendous power at Vishnu who retaliated with equal might, the firmament reverberated with thunder and lightning. Seeing Vishnus Discus approaching him thus, Veerabhadra coolly opened his vast mouth and swallowed it at one gulp, Lord Vishnu was astonished at this miracle and was filled with admiration for Veerabhadra.
Instantly he flew to his side in great ecstasy and praised his erstwhile opponent thus,0 Veerabhadra Mahavira, there is none to equal you here nor tattas the seven worlds.
She is the gentle and nurturing aspect of the Hindu goddess Shakti and she is the mother goddess in Hinduism, and has many attributes and aspects. Each of her aspects is expressed with a 366 name, giving her over names in regional Hindu stories of India, along with Lakshmi and Saraswati, she forms the trinity of Hindu goddesses. Parvati is the wife of the Hindu god Shiva – the protector and regenerator of universe and she is the daughter of the mountain king Himavan and mother Mena.
Parvati is the mother of Hindu deities Ganesha and Kartikeya, some communities also believe her to be the sister of the god Vishnu and the river-goddess Ganga.
With Shiva, Parvati is a deity in the Shaiva sect. In Hindu belief, she is the energy and power of Shiva, and she is the cause of a bond that connects all beings.
In Hindu temples dedicated to her and Shiva, she is represented as the argha or yoni. She is found extensively in ancient Tattvss literature, and her statues and iconography grace Hindu temples all over South Asia, parvata is one of the Sanskrit words for mountain, Parvati derives her name from being the daughter of king Himavan and mother Mena. King Parvat is considered lord of the mountains and the personification of the Himalayas, Parvati is known by many names in Hindu literature.
Other names which associate her with mountains atttvas Shailaja, Adrija or Nagajaa or Shailaputri, Haimavathi, tttvas Lalita sahasranama contains a listing of 1, names of Parvati. Two of Parvatis most famous epithets are Uma and Aparna, the name Uma is used for Sati in earlier texts, but in the Ramayana, it is used as a synonym for Parvati. Parvati is also the tqttvas of love and devotion, or Kamakshi, regional stories of Gauri suggest an alternate origin for Gauris name and complexion.